What Is A Zen Garden And What Is Its Purpose?

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What Is A Zen Garden And What Is Its Purpose? – Zen gardens are still beautiful in many places throughout the world today. These are not only beautiful, but they also have a variety of benefits, which is why more and more green areas are being inspired by this style or including some characteristic karesansui, or Zen garden, features.

Zen gardens, also known as Karensui Dry Garden or Karesansui, are becoming increasingly popular around the world. This Japanese gardening style owes its popularity to the low care requirements of its landscapes, as well as its pleasing aesthetic impression.

What is a zen garden and what is its purpose?
What is a zen garden and what is its purpose?

What Is A Zen Garden ?

The term “zen garden” first appeared in the first decade of the twentieth century and later gained popularity in the West. It refers to the dry garden, or Karesansui, a Japanese garden style that dates back to the fourteenth century and was founded on two fundamental characteristics:

  • Simplicity with elegance (Yugen)
  • Emptiness has a certain allure (Yohaku no bi).

Variations and meanings were added over time, eventually leading to the establishment of Zen gardens as we know them today. The term “Zen” that has been applied to these gardens is derived from the monks’ meditation practice. However, critics dispute this association, claiming that in Japan, meditation is primarily practiced inside.

What is a zen garden and what is its purpose?
What is a zen garden and what is its purpose?

Furthermore, in accordance with Buddhist precepts, the look of a Zen garden should be that of an empty space. Despite the fact that the word Zen garden has an ambiguous origin and that the history of these gardens is unrelated to Buddhist monks’ meditation practice, the sensation of tranquillity and peace they communicate cannot be refuted.

Many mindfulness exercises are derived from this practice, and they help us maintain a sense of balance when it comes to stress management.

You will undoubtedly agree if you have ever designed, maintained, or visited a Zen garden. The benefits of Zen gardens can be explained by the beneficial impacts of natural elements on our minds, as well as the relaxing effects that participating in such activities provides.

What is a zen garden purpose

What is a zen garden and what is its purpose?
What is a zen garden and what is its purpose?

The Japanese dry gardens, which are the foundation of Zen garden aesthetics, are made up of many elements that are distributed according to their purpose.

  • Sea water is represented by sand, gravel, and stones.
  • The lines represent the different conditions of the water: if they are straight, the sea is calm; if they are wavy, the sea is rough.

Plant features such as moss, grass, and other natural elements can also be included. There are many different formats and compositions, but a Zen garden is often not very vast, and the ultimate result must be a harmonious composition.

Benefits of having a zen garden at home


What is a zen garden and what is its purpose?
What is a zen garden and what is its purpose?

There are a variety of reasons to create a Zen garden at home, ranging from pure aesthetics to experimenting with new gardening techniques.

Benefits of having a zen garden at home

  • Whatever the size of the Zen garden, it will provide an environment that invites meditation.
  • To build a Zen garden you don’t need a lot of space. As we have said, these gardens are not usually very large and, in addition, you can always opt for a Zen garden on your balcony or a miniature one.
  • They also do not need specific weather conditions and can be created at any time of the year.
  • They add style if done indoors and are perfect to have an oasis of tranquility and beauty if you have a garden.
  • It gives you the opportunity to be in contact with nature.
  • Taking care of a Zen garden gives you the opportunity to reduce stress and disconnect, if only for a few minutes each day.

What does it take to make a miniature Zen garden?

What is a zen garden and what is its purpose?

Now that you know what the meaning of a Zen garden is, the advantages it brings you and that you can create one at home without having to have large space, we give you some tips to start creating your mini home Zen garden. Necessary materials:

  • A wooden board with high edges
  • Sand
  • Gravel
  • Stones
  • A miniature rake or something similar
  • Other natural elements

When setting up your Zen garden indoors, keep in mind that balance and simplicity are the pillars of these techniques. For this reason, we suggest you add the elements little by little and possibly make a small sketch before starting to help you find the best way to position the elements you have chosen.

If you are looking for inspiration, online and on Pinterest boards you will find examples to create your zen or miniature garden. Once you are done, you can enjoy positioning it in the place in your house that you think is most appropriate, it can be in your room, in the living room, etc.


The most important thing is that you enjoy the view of this little oasis of tranquility and balance. Although the original idea of ​​a zen garden is a dry space, if you wish you can add plants.

This will involve dedicating more care to your Zen garden, but in return you will take advantage of the benefits of doing activities that make you happy for a few minutes during your day to day life. The Ikigai philosophy is also a perfect complement to achieve this purpose.

What is a zen garden and what is its purpose?

A small zen garden is perfect for those who practice yoga at home, for example. Complementing it with yoga is one of the best ways to relax, here is a yoga routine for beginners that can help you improve your stress levels.

It can also be an ideal element for your reading area or for tea time. As you complete your miniature garden, you can also decide to add elements such as candles or flowers.

Everything will help to create a more pleasant atmosphere. Finally, remember that these types of activities are not only ideal for adults and the elderly. Zen gardens for children can be both a fun and very educational activity. Do you already have an idea of ​​what your Zen garden will be like and in what environment of the house it will be best?

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